March/April 2018 issue

County Pivots on
Commercial Cannabis Regulations

Robin Bolster-Grant, County Cannabis Licensing Manager
and Sergeant Stefan Fish of the Sheriff’s Office

March 14th, 2018, 7:30 p.m.
Bonny Doon School Multipurpose Room,
Pine Flat Road & Ice Cream Grade

County Pivots on Commercial Cannabis Regulations

There has been a major shift in the approach the County has proposed regarding commercial cannabis growth regulations since our report in the January Highlander. In short, the County argues that rather than having the entire cannabis licensing program comply with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), state law allows a local government to apply CEQA to each license application individually. Bill Parkin, the Citizens for an Environmental Santa Cruz (CESC) attorney, has a different opinion, and in a letter to the County sent in mid-February, he argued that the County’s approach does not meet CEQA requirements.

 In addition to changing the approach to CEQA compliance, the County issued a new set of proposed regulations, which CESC and other groups find alarmingly deficient. In the 11 (out of 58 total) counties in California where commercial cannabis manufacturing is allowed, it is mostly limited to Industrial or Commercial zones. However, another surprising proposed change is the intention to allow multiple licenses at a single cannabis operation in a rural neighborhood for cultivation, manufacturing and/or distribution. This has serious ramifications. Nearly all Residential Agriculture (RA) parcels in Bonny Doon will be unaffected thanks to the retention of the Coastal Zone plus one mile exclusion, but it could affect RA parcels that lie outside the exclusion zone or affect the few Commercial Agriculture (CA) and Agriculture (A) parcels in Bonny Doon. However, note that the growers continue to push to weaken that portion of the proposed regulations.

Although the latest regulations contain details about how the county will be enforcing the rules (information the RBDA Board has been requesting since 2015), the rules also contain a contradicting “No duty to enforce” section. CESC attorney Parkin has argued to the County that this contradicting section violates the law.

On Feb. 5, the Planning Dept. briefed the Board of Supervisors on the revised approach to the regulations. For the first time at a public meeting, the number of citizens who spoke opposing the new regulations outnumbered the growers’ representatives. CESC and other groups are still attempting to make the new regulations more environmentally friendly, and to include better protection for neighborhoods.

Please join us for a community discussion about these fast-moving changes that will impact Bonny Doon at the RBDA public meeting on Mar. 14, one day after the Supervisors consider the new proposed regulations. Featured speakers are Robin Bolster-Grant, the County Cannabis Licensing Manager, and Sergeant Stefan Fish of the Sheriff’s Office Community Policing Division, North Coast Service Center. Depending on what happens between now and this meeting, we will either have a chance to express our opinions on what the new cannabis rules should be, or we will be updated on the new rules.

Please see the accompanying story by Supervisor Ryan Coonerty below.

UCSC Reveals Plans for Stunning Growth Roughly Equal to the Population of Scotts Valley

The members of UCSC’s Long Range Development Plan (LRDP) Citizens Advisory Group (CAG) were taken aback on Jan. 12 when UCSC Chancellor George Blumenthal announced that the university was planning to increase enrollment to 28,000 students by 2040. That’s an increase of 8,500 students from the 19,500 limit allowed by 2020 under a lawsuit settlement in 2008.

Actually, as startling as an increase of 8,500 students is, the real numbers are even higher. The target enrollment of 28,000 doesn’t truly represent the population growth the UCSC 2020-2040 LRDP (now under development) will bring. First, it represents what UCSC calls Full-time Equivalent students (FTEs). If, for example, five students are taking an 80% class load, they are considered four “FTE” students, while in reality, there are five people living in Santa Cruz or on campus. In addition, some of them are married to non-students, and may have children.

Second, UCSC will have to hire more staff and faculty to serve these additional students. Most of them will have families. It’s reasonable to assume that for every 10 students added, three to four more additional people will also be added. That may be as many as an additional 3,000 or 4,000 people who will need to live in the city, or surrounding areas, like Bonny Doon, bringing the total of projected new residents to about 12,500, roughly equal to the population of Scotts Valley.

At the Jan. 12 meeting, the CAG members, including the RBDA Board’s representative, Ted Benhari, expressed their concern that Santa Cruz would truly become “a company town,” to quote long-time Santa Cruz Councilwoman Cynthia Mathews, who in the past has been an ardent supporter of UCSC growth. Andy Schiffrin, Supervisor Ryan Coonerty’s aide and stand-in at the meeting, said he was “shocked.” Other CAG members, who represent the City administration, the Chamber of Commerce, as well as citizen’s groups including the Coalition for Limiting University Expansion (CLUE) and Santa Cruz Neighbors, talked about the negative impacts on housing costs, traffic and water supply, and quality of life.

While we acknowledge the economic and cultural benefits the University has brought to our area, and its academic leadership in subjects like Astronomy, Marine Science and Genetics, there simply is a limit to how large a college our community can accommodate. Unless some way can be found to limit UCSC’s growth, what we have to look forward to is years of steady, steeply rising housing costs, streets clogged with traffic, and impacts on a water supply already prone to periodic and serious droughts. The impact on Bonny Doon is likely to be great. The great majority of the building growth is proposed to take place on the Upper Campus east of the Cave Gulch neighborhood, which will no longer be a natural, green bulwark separating us from urban-type development. Housing costs will continue to climb, as more students look to rent here, and professors and staff to rent or buy.

Local citizens and their elected representatives, thanks to a provision in the State Constitution exempting UCs from local land use laws, have little say in UCSC’s growth plans. But both the City Council and the Board of Supervisors seem to be alarmed and dismayed by the enormity of this targeted growth, and say they will do what they can to induce the university to reduce or mitigate it, in cooperation with local citizens’ groups, like the RBDA and CLUE. In the coming weeks and months we will be organizing and trying to pressure the UC Regents and the UC Office of the President (who set the growth targets for the various campuses), and our State legislature, to keep UCSC from forever swallowing up our resources and further, and egregiously, impacting the quality of life we value in Bonny Doon and Santa Cruz.

Update on Proposed Changes to the Commercial Cannabis Ordinances
By Supervisor Ryan Coonerty

This is an invited contribution by Ryan Coonerty, our Third District Supervisor. The opinions stated below are not necessarily those of the RBDA Executive Board. However, the RBDA is very interested in receiving feedback about this issue. Please share your opinions with us by contacting any of the Board members (see here for our phone numbers), or email us at

As many of you are aware, big decisions will be made regarding commercial cannabis cultivation and manufacturing at upcoming Board of Supervisors meetings in March. I would like to take this opportunity to brief you on recent changes, issues I am fighting for at the Board, and what the process looks like moving forward.
In February, the Board of Supervisors held a Study Session so that County staff could walk the Board through proposed changes to the cultivation and manufacturing ordinances being proposed by staff. One of the major changes was that the County take advantage of a legislative change that would allow the County to do California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) analysis on each application submitted for cannabis cultivation, rather than complete an EIR on the entire proposed ordinances. This was a major shift in approach. Under the old approach, the County would have certified an EIR for the cultivation ordinances and no CEQA analysis would be done on individual cultivation ordinances. Under the new approach, which was approved by the Board at the study session, a CEQA analysis would be required for every cultivation application submitted. At this Study Session, staff also presented the draft ordinances and answered questions from Board members.

Although this meeting wasn’t the time to make specific changes to the draft ordinances proposed by staff, I did make a motion, which passed unanimously, voicing continued support to retain the Coastal Zone exclusion plus one mile; that all cultivation applications would be appealable and would include notification of neighbors; that staff develop the strongest anti-pesticide and rodenticide policies in the State and that these policies be included in the ordinances; that no additional clearing be allowed on parcels zoned for Timber Production, and that the environmental review for each cultivation application be able to determine that issuance of the license would not have a significant, unmitigated effect on water supply, biotic resources, or other sensitive environmental resources under County Code. These changes should be reflected in the staff report and draft ordinances prepared for the upcoming Planning Commission meeting.

One point that I think is important to note is that the proposed ordinances unveiled at the Study Session are just that: proposed. The next step in the process was a hearing at the Planning Commission on February 28. The Planning Commission is currently considering the proposed ordinances and will make a recommendation to the Board. On March 13, the Board will consider the draft ordinances as well as the Planning Commission recommendation. I have been listening closely to the concerns of rural residents and encourage everyone to make your voices heard on this issue. We have accomplished a lot so far but we will need to continue engagement on this issue so that we can protect wildlife, water supply, timber resources, and encourage responsible, appropriately zoned commercial cannabis cultivation and manufacturing. As always, please feel free to call or email me ( ) with your thoughts, questions, and suggestions.

Will Joby Aviation’s Cement Plant Plan Fly?

As Bonny Doon startup Joby Aviation pursues the purchase of the closed Cemex Cement Plant, Davenport residents are wondering whether they like the idea.

On Dec. 5 in Davenport, at a public meeting to discuss possible uses for the shuttered plant, Joby founder JoeBen Bevirt, who grew up on Last Chance Road, stated his desire to purchase the plant to develop an electric helicopter. Recently, Joby received a $100 million investment to help it stay ahead of several other major competitors around the world, including Uber. Bevirt’s vision is to build a helicopter fleet that can zip three or four passengers at a time above traffic, at a relatively reasonable cost, about $60. The machines are now being tested at the former Cemex limestone quarry east of Bonny Doon Road, which Bevirt bought a few years ago.

At the Dec. 5 meeting the proposal by Bevirt received a generally favorable response, though people worried that if he no longer controlled Joby the new management might not be as community and environmentally friendly as Bevirt. They also wanted to know a lot more specific details before blessing the proposal, like noise levels, how many employees will work there, and proposed flight paths. Bevirt is expected to respond in the near future, and there will be another community meeting to talk about it.

On Dec. 17, the Davenport/North Coast Association (DNCA) met with Bevirt and the County to formulate its terms for endorsing the proposal. The DNCA has several major concerns, regardless of who takes over the cement plant: that the small town nature of Davenport be preserved; that the tangled rights to San Vicente Creek water be settled and Davenport’s rights to it be permanently established and that new uses of the plant not impact the supply; that the new owners provide high-quality well-paid jobs; that any toxics at the plant be cleaned up; that it also be used as a visitor center and access point for Cotoni Coast Dairies and San Vicente Redwoods and that the Rail Trail connect to it; that oceanside development be limited (one of Cemex’s parcels is west of Hwy. 1); and that various other services be improved, including internet and cell phone communications, fire, police and postal service.

RBDA Membership Renewal Reminder

To all of you who have sent in your dues, we say THANK YOU!

We would not be able to continue to send out The Highlander, or sponsor the public general meetings without your support, so we truly appreciate it.

As was reported in the last Highlander, all memberships expired on Jan. 31 (unless you’ve paid for multiple years). To date, 105 people have renewed their memberships, but we have yet to hear from 55 households. This is just a reminder that if you haven’t sent in your dues, please do so. You can also renew at the upcoming general meeting on March 14 at 7:30 p.m. at Bonny Doon Elementary. After the general meeting, we will be sending out a “snail mail” reminder as a follow up to those of you we haven’t heard from.

Results from January Board Elections

At our RBDA Annual Meeting on Jan. 10 we held our Executive Board Member elections. There were four seats whose terms had expired. Previous Board Member Dave Rubin (Vice Chair) was reelected, and Kendra Turk-Kubo (originally appointed to a vacant seat in July 2017 as The Highlander Editor) and David Regus were voted onto the board. Former Corresponding Secretary Clay Peters withdrew his bid for re-election. Thus, we are currently short by one member on the Board, so if you’re a current member of the RBDA, and would like an opportunity to provide service to your community, please consider serving!

Are you an RBDA Member? Join the conversation, get news updates on the Facebook page exclusively for RBDA members: RBDA, Rural Bonny Doon Association

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The Highlander
The Rural Bonny Doon Association Newsletter
Box 551 • Felton, CA 95018

Bonny Doon's voice in preserving our special quality of life, 
The Highlander is mailed free to Bonny Doon residents prior to the 
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Your continued support enables the RBDA Board to work on issues critical to Bonny Doon, to hold meetings to educate and get feedback regarding those issues, and to publish The Highlander newsletter.

Some people may not understand that receiving The Highlander in the mail doesn’t mean you are a current RBDA member. To reach the whole community we mail The Highlander to all mailboxes in Bonny Doon.

So unless you joined for multiple years, all 1-year RBDA memberships will expire on Jan. 31, 2016. To continue to support the RBDA, we need you to renew now for the 2016 year. Details are here.

Dues and donations go mainly to printing and mailing The Highlander, and rent and insurance for the public meetings at the school.

Ideas for RBDA Meeting Topics?

We are always open to suggestions for interesting programs and speakers at our bimonthly (except July) RBDA public meetings.

What are you interested in? Local flora and fauna, gardening, environmental and political issues, Bonny Doon history or geology, public safety?

What were some of your favorite speakers or presentations at past RBDA meetings?

Were there any that you would like us to repeat?

Please email us with your ideas and comments at

The Bonny Doon Planning District
Bonny Doon Planning
                    District map

If you live in or own property within this district, roughly from Empire Grade to the ocean and from San Vicente Creek to the City of Santa Cruz border, you are eligible to be an RBDA member.

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Cemex/Joby limestone pit, photo by Ted Benhari 

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